Disclaimer: Friends of Nolin Lake is not endorsing the use of golf carts on neighborhood county roads. This is simply an article on safety. Kentucky Statute 189.286 states that local government can pass an ordinance to approve golf carts on their county roads. Check with your county for their laws.
Golf Carts Aren't Just for Golfers
- Keith Piercy, Compliance Safety and Health Officer, Tampa
OSHA Area Office
I don't play golf. Nor, I suspect, do a lot of you. It doesn't
matter. This story isn't just about golf. That's because golf carts are no longer just on golf courses.
You see them all over‐‐on campuses, large plant facilities and in warehouses.
They're also typically used as work vehicles to transport workers and equipment
from one building or job site to another. So, safe use of golf carts is an important topic.
This is especially true when you consider that some workers have a tendency to
view them as toys and ride around on them without worrying about the danger,
but golf carts are dangerous.
They can tip over, tumble down damp hills and collide with
other vehicles. Golf carts have become a popular mode of transportation, on and
off the links because of their small size, low maintenance, and ease of use.
Case reports suggest severe, debilitating injuries as consequences of golf cart
incidents. An estimated 48,255 golf cart‐related injuries occurred in the U.S.
between 2002 and 2005; the injury rate was 4.14 out of a 100,000 population.
The highest injury rates were observed in 10 to 19 year‐olds and those aged 80 and
older. Males had a higher injury rate than females. 1 From an occupational
standpoint, nationwide between 05/01/2007 and 05/01/2011, OSHA investigated 21
fatalities involving golf cart type equipment; 7 of which occurred in Region
IV. Fifty‐two percent of the fatalities occurred at golf and club type
facilities. 2 These accidents were caused by employees who did not take
precautions, or generally ignored the rules. Primary causes of the accidents
included cart overturns, falling/jumping from moving golf carts, collisions
with another vehicle or stationary object, and struck/run over by carts.
However simple the rules may be, it is important to adhere
to them and help everyone to stay safe. Here are a few simple rules:
Before You Drive
- Make sure the horn, brakes and lights work.
- Check the back-up alarm, tire pressure and battery fluid.
- Before backing up, ensure the area behind you is clear of
all obstacles, including vehicles and pedestrians.
- Observe passenger limits. Only two people should ride in a
two-person cart and four in a four-person cart.
- Wear the seatbelt and make sure passengers wear theirs.
- Don't stand up in a moving golf cart and don't let your
Stopping and Parking
- Don't park in front of emergency exits, fire hydrants, fire lanes,
sidewalks, ramps, or doors.
- When parking, set the brake, place the cart in neutral and remove
- Secure the parked golf cart with a cable or other locking mechanism.
- If the golf cart is used to transport equipment, there are some
special safety rules to consider:
- Transport materials during periods of low traffic and pedestrian
- Don't overload the cart. Take only the bare minimum.
- Make sure the materials are securely fastened.
- Loads should not extend more than a foot from either side or
front of the golf cart.
- Use brightly colored material to flag any loads that extend
more than three feet (one meter) from the rear of the cart.
When You Drive
- Drive only in designated areas and stay off city streets.
- Drive beside pedestrian walkways (not on them).
- Observe all standard rules of the road, such as coming to a
complete stop at stop signs, signaling before a turn and keeping to the right,
except to pass.
- Yield to other vehicles and pedestrians.
- Don't drive faster than a quick-paced walk.
- Slowdown in wet conditions and on steep slopes when approaching
corners, intersections/blind spots, and in areas of heavy pedestrian traffic.
- Slow down for speed bumps and uneven pavement. Keep off
- To avoid tipping, drive the cart straight up and straight down
slopes - not on the diagonal.
- Don't drive while distracted. If something other than driving
the cart has your attention, stop the vehicle. This includes eating, talking on
a cell phone or jotting down notes.
National Center for Biotechnology Information, Incidence of golf cart‐related
injury in the United States.
Fatality and Catastrophe Investigation Summaries
With boating season already under
way, NOAA and the National
Safe Boating Council are asking boaters, sailors and water enthusiasts to
remember important boating facts and safety tips when heading out on the water.
Your life could depend on them!
Did you know that:
- In 2011, 758 people died in 4,588
boating accidents. Seventy percent of all fatal boating accident victims
drowned. Of those, 84 percent were reported as not wearing a life jacket.
- Oceans cover roughly 72 percent
of the Earth’s surface. Yet, the majority of boating deaths occur on lakes
and rivers — even though they comprise less than one percent of the
Earth’s surface. In 2011, 600 people died in lakes and rivers. In
contrast, 21 people died at sea.
- Only 11 percent of people died on
boats where the operator had received boating safety training. Knowing how to properly operate a boat is
- Alcohol use is the leading
contributing factor in fatal boat accidents. Alcohol was deemed a primary
factor in 16 percent of deaths in 2011.
- Adverse weather can play a major
role in boating accidents. In 2011, 54
people died and 114 were injured in 235 accidents where the weather was a
- Rough seas and strong winds can
certainly lead to boating accidents and deaths, but the majority of those occur
in calm seas and light wind. Twenty-five people died in 2011 when winds
were greater than 25 mph; 352 people died when winds ranged between 0 and 6
- In 70- to 80-degree F water, it can take only a few hours to
exhibit signs of hypothermia, such as such as exhaustion, slurred speech or
unconsciousness. Alcohol consumption also increases your risk of hypothermia,
which can be fatal. Don’t be fooled into thinking you’ll be okay if you’re
thrown overboard into warmer waters.
So, before you go out on the water:
- Know your risk: Be familiar with the body of water you
want to boat in. Learn the rules of boating by taking a safe
boating course. Download
the nautical charts you’ll need for your excursion. Check the marine weather forecast before
going out on the water; weather can change quickly, so plan for all types of
- Be prepared: Make sure your vessel has the required
equipment such as life jackets, a first aid kit and an emergency beacon.
Develop an emergency plan that includes more than one way to get your boat out
of trouble. Create a float
plan, and tell a friend or family member when and where you’ll be boating—
including the day and time you will return. Buy a NOAA Weather Radio and
pay close attention to marine watches, warnings and advisories.
- Be an example: Share safe
boating tips with your friends, family, co-workers and your social
media network. Remind everyone of the importance of wearing a life jacket and
taking a safe boating course. The information you share might just save lives.
To learn more, visit the National
Safe Boating Council and National Weather Service
Marine Forecasts web pages.
The new captain jumped from the cockpit, fully dressed, and sprinted through the water. A former lifeguard, he kept his eyes on his victim as he headed straight for the owners who were swimming between their anchored sportfisher and the beach. "I think he thinks you're drowning," the husband said to his wife. They had been splashing each other and she had screamed but now they were just standing, neck-deep on the sand bar. "We're fine, what is he doing?" she asked, a little annoyed. "We're fine!" the husband yelled, waving him off, but his captain kept swimming hard. "Move!" he barked as he sprinted between the stunned owners. Directly behind them, not ten feet away, their nine-year-old daughter was drowning. Safely above the surface in the arms of the captain, she burst into tears, "Daddy!"
How did this captain know, from fifty feet away, what the father couldn't recognize from just ten? Drowning is not the violent, splashing, call for help that most people expect. The captain was trained to recognize drowning by experts and years of experience. The father, on the other hand, had learned what drowning looks like by watching television. If you spend time on or near the water (hint: that's all of us) then you should make sure that you and your crew knows what to look for whenever people enter the water. Until she cried a tearful, "Daddy," she hadn't made a sound. As a former Coast Guard rescue swimmer, I wasn't surprised at all by this story. Drowning is almost always a deceptively quiet event. The waving, splashing, and yelling that dramatic conditioning (television) prepares us to look for, is rarely seen in real life.
The Instinctive Drowning Response - so named by Francesco A. Pia, Ph.D., is what people do to avoid actual or perceived suffocation in the water. And it does not look like most people expect. There is very little splashing, no waving, and no yelling or calls for help of any kind. To get an idea of just how quiet and undramatic from the surface drowning can be, consider this: It is the number two cause of accidental death in children, age 15 and under (just behind vehicle accidents) - of the approximately 750 children who will drown next year, about 375 of them will do so within 25 yards of a parent or other adult. In ten percent of those drownings, the adult will actually watch them do it, having no idea it is happening (source: CDC). Drowning does not look like drowning - Dr. Pia, in an article in the Coast Guard's On Scene Magazine, described the instinctive drowning response like this:
Except in rare circumstances, drowning people are physiologically unable to call out for help. Th e respiratory system was designed for breathing. Speech is the secondary or overlaid function. Breathing must be fulfilled, before speech occurs.
Drowning people's mouths alternately sink below and reappear above the surface of the water. The mouths of drowning people are not above the surface of the water long enough for them to exhale, inhale, and call out for help.
When the drowning people's mouths are above the surface, they exhale and inhale quickly as their mouths start to sink below the surface of the water.
Drowning people cannot wave for help. Nature instinctively forces them to extend their arms laterally and press down on the water's surface. Pressing down on the surface of the water, permits drowning people to leverage their bodies so they can lift their mouths out of the water to breathe.
Throughout the Instinctive Drowning Response, drowning people cannot voluntarily control their arm movements. Physiologically, drowning people who are struggling on the surface of the water cannot stop drowning and perform voluntary movements such as waving for help, moving toward a rescuer, or reaching out for a piece of rescue equipment.
From beginning to end of the Instinctive Drowning Response people's bodies remain upright in the water, with no evidence of a supporting kick. Unless rescued by a trained lifeguard, these drowning people can only struggle on the surface of the water from 20 to 60 seconds before submersion occurs.
(Source: On Scene Magazine: Fall 2006)
This doesn't mean that a person that is yelling for help and thrashing isn't in real trouble - they are experience aquatic distress. Not always present before the instinctive drowning response, aquatic distress doesn't last long
- but unlike true drowning, these victims can still assist in there own rescue. They can grab lifelines, throw rings, etc.
Look for these other signs of drowning when persons are in the water:
Head low in the water, mouth at water level
Head tilted back with mouth open
Eyes glassy and empty, unable to focus
Hair over forehead or eyes
Not using legs -
Vertical Hyperventilating or gasping
Trying to swim in a particular direction but not making headway
Trying to roll over on the back
Ladder climb, rarely out of the water.
So if a crew member falls overboard and every looks O.K. - don't be too sure.
Sometimes the most common indication that someone is drowning is that they don't look like they're drowning. They may just look like they are treading water and looking up at the deck. One way to be sure? Ask them: "Are you alright?" If they can answer at all - they probably are. If they return a blank stare - you may have less than 30 seconds to get to them. And parents: children playing in the water make noise. When they get quiet, you get to them and find out why.
This story is from 2010 and NO LONGER
applies. The Friends of Nolin Lake will NOT
be having a 4th of July fireworks show at Wax in 2012. All events and activities hosted by the Friends group are listed under the "Events & Activities"
web pages - please refer to these pages for the most current list of activities.
Celebrate the Independence Day weekend with the Friends of Nolin Lake at the Wax Picnic Shelter on July 3, 2010. Start your day with outdoor music and three fabulous bands and end it with a fireworks display shot off from the bluff behind the Wax Marina (special thanks to Barton Run Heights). Your live entertainment is by Insulated, United, and Jack Thomas bands with music ranging from country, rock, to contemporary Christian. We will have cornhole boards and Bimini boards set up for your enjoyment. Food vendors will be on site. Come by car or come by boat but don't miss this day of fun events at the lake! For more information about the bands, check our webpage Music Across Nolin. Contact: Glenna Black 270-899-0066.
Water safety applies to everyone on the lake during all seasons. Take a moment to read a good article on water safety from the Kentucky Lake Boating website. The article is about tips for a safe boating experience on the lake. There is a paragraph on water skiing, a person overboard, passengers, before leaving on your boating trip, while underway, fueling tips, power line dangers, and weather. Be sure and browse the other links given on the site for more information
The Corps of Engineers provides many programs on water safety and would be happy to supply your neighborhood or organization with information. Call them at 270-286-4511 if you need training on water safety.
Are you interested in events and activities on Nolin Lake? If so, take a moment to browse through this website. The Events Calendar gives you a visual of the calendar month with the time and date of events. There are two sub-pages giving you detailed information about the Music Across Nolin band name, type of music, time of the concert, and other activities on that day and NolinFest which is the annual lake festival on the first full weekend of August. This year it is on August 7th.
If you need a boat dock built, you can find a list of boat dock builders for Nolin Lake.
The sponsors for Friends of Nolin Lake make it possible to bring you these events so take a look at who they are and how their business benefits you and the surrounding communities.
Finally, look through the picture gallery for the events from last year. If you have any NolinFest 2009 or Poker Run pictures you'd like to share, send them to email@example.com
If you are a Facebook fan -- join our Friends of Nolin Lake Facebook group.